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Английский язык в астрономическом кружке


My favorite flower.

The Moon, Earth's major satellite

Earth has one moon. Земля имеет одну Луну.

 What do you feel when you look at the moon at night?

Что вы чувствуете когда смотрите на восход Луны?

 What direction do you look to see the moon rise? В каком направлении вы смотрите, чтобы увидеть восход Луны?

 Do you look East to see the Moon rise? Вы смотрите на восток, чтобы увидеть восход Луны?

The Moon can be seen in great detail even with small telescope. The Moon formed 4.5 billion years ago.

The Moon is covered with light and dark areas.

What are the dark areas on the Moon?

What are the light areas on the Moon?

The Moon has it's own "rhythm".

The sun always illuminates exactly one-half of the moon.

We see it at different angles as it rotates around the earth.

 The Moon has phases because it orbits Earth, which causes the portion we see illuminated to change.

This is the cycle that the Moon follows as it goes through each of the four phases.

We give the parts of the moon cycle different names, according to how the moon appears to us.

If the Moon is currently in the early part of its cycle (between the New Moon and the Full Moon), go outside tonight after it gets dark and notice where the Moon is in the sky.

(after it gets dark - после наступления темноты; go outside tonight - выйди наружу вечером)

What if you want to look at the Moon on some other day?

Try to notice where the Moon is in relation to something that doesn't move, like the corner of a house or a tree.

Tomorrow night, go outside at the very same time and notice where the Moon is.

It will be about two hand-widths to the left of where it was the previous night.

This is because the Moon "rises" about fifty minutes later each night.

This pattern will continue. A little over twenty-eight days from today, the Moon will be in the same place in the sky as it is tonight.

It would have been a lot more convenient for calendar makers if the Moon's cycle took exactly
twenty-eight days.

The young Moon becomes visible to the unaided eye much earlier at times when the ecliptic is perpendicular to the horizon, and the Moon pops straight up into the sky.

Anyone sitting at their computer at home can study the Moon, viewing large lunar features.

 

Изучите табличку внизу, попытайтесь найти сами подобные слова в тексте выше.

Существительное a saw (пила) a burn (ожог) a round (раунд бокса)
Глагол to saw (пилить) to burn (жечь) to round (огибать)
Прилагательное     round (круглый)
Наречие     round (кругом)
Предлог     round (вокруг)
       
Существительное a rise (восход) a rise (исток)  
Глагол to rise (вставать)    
Прилагательное     left (левый)
Существительное     the left (левые)
Наречие     left (налево)
       
       
Существительное maker (создатель)    
Глагол make (делать)    
Прилагательное      
Наречие      

 

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